Swimming Pool Chemical Balance Guide

Pools can be a lot of work. Many new pool owners do not realize just how much work. You have to clean out debris, make sure that your water is constantly filtered, and balance the chemicals in the pool just right.

Balancing the chemicals is probably the most challenging part about pool maintenance, and we recommend using a professional because getting the balance wrong can be disastrous. Use our quick swimming pool balance guide as a reference, but leave the actual chemicals to the pros at Pool Doctor of the Palm Beaches!

Pool Maintenance

Basic Chemicals in Your Swimming Pool

You should constantly monitor five major chemical factors in your pool. Each one should be between a certain level:

  • pH: 7.2 to 7.8
  • Total alkalinity: 80 to 120 ppm
  • Calcium hardness (hard water): 100 to 400 ppm
  • Total dissolved solids (TDS): 250 to 1500 ppm
  • Stain producing minerals: completely absent

Keeping the chemicals within these ranges will help prevent cloudy water, stains, scale formation, equipment erosion, and corrosion of the swimming pool wall or floor.

Sanitation Chemicals

Most swimming pool owners also use either Chlorine or Bromine as a sanitize in their pool or spa. Bromine is far more common in indoor settings because it will actually evaporate in as little as two hours when it sits in direct sunlight.

You should keep a relatively stable amount of chlorine in your pool because it will lose its effectiveness after a time. Usually, swimming pools should have a chlorine level of 1.0 ppm and 3.0 ppm. Chlorine levels fluctuate because of evaporation, sunlight, and low pH levels.

Putting too much chlorine in the pool can cause health conditions like asthma, lung irritation, and skin and eye irritation. It is also bad for your pool as well, causing corrosion of the swimming pool equipment and concrete surfaces. Getting the mixture just right is important for your health and your pool’s!

Oxidation is another important process that will help keep your pool clean. It chemically removes waste from your pool, just like your filter removes larger waste from the pool such as leaves or algae. Let the professionals handle the chemicals in your pool so you don’t have to. Call Pool Doctor of the Palm Beaches at (561) 203-0270 for a free consultation.

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